Healthcare-associated Infections (hai)

Acinetobacter
Acinetobacter [asz-in-ée-toe–back-ter] could be a group of bacteria commonly found in soil and water. Outbreaks of Acinetobacter infections typically occur in intensive care units and healthcare settings housing terribly sick patients. While there are many sorts or “species” of Acinetobacter and every one can cause human disease, Acinetobacter baumannii [asz-in-ée-toe–back-ter bo–maa–nee–ie] accounts for concerning 80% of reported infections. Acinetobacter infections rarely occur outside of healthcare settings.
For extra data visit: Acinetobacter in Healthcare Settings

Burkholderia cepacia
Burkholderia cepacia [burk-hold–er–ee-uh si-pay-shee-uh] is that the name for a cluster or “complicated” of bacteria that can be found in soil and water. Burkholderia cepacia bacteria are often proof against common antibiotics. Burkholderia cepacia poses very little medical risk to healthy people; however, it’s a known reason for infections in hospitalized patients. People with certain health conditions, like weakened immune systems or chronic lung diseases (particularly cystic fibrosis), could be more prone to infections with Burkholderia cepacia. [Burkholderia cepacia is additionally called B. cepacia]
For additional information visit: B. cepacia in Healthcare Settings

Clostridium difficile
Clostridium difficile [klo–strid–ee–um dif–uh–seel] could be a bacterium that causes an inflammation of the colon; this condition is called colitis. Diarrhea and fever are the most common symptoms of Clostridium difficile infection. Overuse of antibiotics is the most necessary risk for obtaining Clostridium difficile infection. [Clostridium difficile is additionally known as C. difficile, C. diff, and CDI (Clostridium difficile infection), CDAD(Clostridium difficile-associated disease)]
For further data visit: Clostridium difficile Infection

Clostridium Sordellii
Clostridium sordellii [klo–strid–ee–um sore–dell–ee–I] is a rare bacterium that causes pneumonia, endocarditis, arthritis, peritonitis, and myonecrosis. Clostridium sordellii bacteremia and sepsis (bacteremia is when bacteria is present in the bloodstream; sepsis is when bacteremia or another infection triggers a heavy bodywide response) occur rarely. Most cases of sepsis from Clostridium sordellii occur in patients with alternative health conditions. Severe toxic shock syndrome among previously healthy persons has been described in a small variety of Clostridium sordellii cases, most often related to gynecologic infections in girls and infection of the umbilical stump in newborns. [Clostridium sordellii is also called C. sordellii]
For further info visit: C. sordellii in Healthcare Settings

Enterobacteriaceae (carbapenem-resistance)
Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae are a family of germs that are troublesome to treat as a result of they have high levels of resistance to antibiotics. Klebsiella species and Escherichia coli (E. coli) are examples of Enterobacteriaceae, a traditional half of the human gut bacteria, that may become carbapenem-resistant.
In healthcare settings, CRE infections most commonly occur among patients who are receiving treatment for different conditions. Patients whose care requires devices like ventilators (breathing machines), urinary (bladder) catheters, or intravenous (vein) catheters, and patients who are taking long courses of bound antibiotics are most at risk for CRE infections.
Extra data about carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae

Gram-negative bacteria
Gram-negative bacteria – Gram-negative bacteria cause infections including pneumonia, bloodstream infections, wound or surgical site infections, and meningitis in healthcare settings. Gram-negative bacteria are proof against multiple drugs and are increasingly resistant to most offered antibiotics. Gram-negative infections include those caused by Klebsiella, Acinetobacter, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and E. coli., also many different less common bacteria.
For extra information visit: Gram-negative bacteria

Hepatitis
The word hepatitis means that inflammation of the liver and conjointly refers to a cluster of viral infections that affect the liver. The foremost common sorts are hepatitis A, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C.
The delivery of healthcare has the potential to transmit hepatitis to both healthcare staff and patients. Outbreaks have occurred in outpatient settings, hemodialysis units, long-term care facilities, and hospitals, primarily as a result of unsafe injection practices; reuse of needles, fingerstick devices, and syringes; and alternative lapses in infection control.
For further info visit:
Hepatitis in Healthcare Settings
Hepatitis website.

Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV/AIDS)
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is that the virus that may result in acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). HIV destroys blood cells called CD4+ T cells, which are crucial to helping the body fight disease. This leads to a weakened immune system, making persons with HIV or AIDS in danger for many completely different sorts of infections. Transmission of HIV to patients whereas in Healthcare Settings is rare. Most exposures don’t end in infection. [Human immunodeficiency virus is additionally referred to as HIV]