Injury Prevention & Control: Motor Vehicle Safety

CDC Activities: World Road Safety
Photo: Commuters on a busy street
The No. one explanation for death for healthy U.S. voters who travel abroad is traffic crashes. They are among the one.three million people who die every year on the globe’s roads.
The Centers for Disease Management and Prevention (CDC)’s Injury Center provides technical assistance and coaching, tools, and support to extend awareness of the problem of road traffic injuries around the planet. Goals of CDC’s work in this area embody:

strengthening data and information systems and collaborating with partners to plan, implement, evaluate, and disseminate effective prevention ways, activities, and policies.

The following are some recent activity highlights of CDC’s Injury Center in international road safety.

Road Traffic Injury Surveillance in Peru
CDC’s Injury Center works with the ministries of health in many countries in Latin America to implement injury surveillance systems. For example, in 2005, CDC’s Injury Center began providing technical assistance to assist determine the simplest methodology for establishing a surveillance system dedicated to road traffic injuries in Peru. Peru developed and pilot tested a surveillance system in 2006. This system was then implemented in 23 of the country’s twenty four states in 2007.

The surveillance system uses knowledge from police departments, insurance firms, and hospitals to allow public health officials a closer take a look at Peru’s problem of nonfatal road traffic injuries. These findings provide insight about road user demographics and vehicle varieties involved in crashes, and crash locations and methods of transportation to medical facilities. Since the implementation of this system in 2007, CDC scientists have assisted with surveillance system assessment and information analysis.

International Coaching in Road Safety
CDC’s Injury Center conducts coaching and workshops in road safety, both domestically and abroad. For example, CDC conducts training activities for delegations from different countries in cooperation with the U.S. Department of State, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, and therefore the National Academy of Sciences. Additionally, CDC assists the State Department in servicing bilateral science and technology agreements in road safety for representatives from developing nations, most recently to a delegation from Vietnam. Conjointly, CDC will be operating with the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services to collaborate on a bilateral agreement with the Russian Federation to improve healthy lifestyles, as well as the prevention of road traffic injuries.

Collaboration with the United Nations
On March a pair of, 2010, the sixty fourth session of the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution declaring 2011–20twenty “the Decade of Global Road Safety”. This resolution encourages U.N. Member States to strengthen their commitment to road safety and fosters efforts in each nation to scale back traffic injuries, notably in low- and middle-income countries.

Collaboration with the globe Health Organization for Road Safety
CDC’s Injury Center is a United Nations/World Health Organization (WHO)-designated collaborating center on injury prevention and control. Under WHO steering, CDC’s Injury Center helped to develop the “2009 International Status Report on Road Safety.”External Web Site Icon

This report, for that CDC scientists served because the national knowledge coordinators of U.S.-primarily based information, is the first broad assessment of the road safety state of affairs in 178 countries. The report shows that road traffic injuries stay an vital public health problem, particularly for low-income and middle-income countries.

One highlight of the report’s findings is that the proportion of road fatalities that involve alcohol varied widely among countries. In the United States, approximately one third (32%) of all road fatalities are alcohol-connected; this proportion was like that in Australia (30p.c), Canada (30%), and New Zealand (thirty one%) however abundant on top of in many alternative countries. For example, the proportion within the United Kingdom is 17percent, Germany is 12percent, Sweden is twentypercent, Poland is 14percent, and Japan is 8%.

On the idea of U.S. knowledge from the year 2006, the following are other U.S.-specific findings from the report:

The United States has more than 250 million registered vehicles on the move.
In 2006, U.S. drivers and passengers of four-wheeled vehicles created up seventy twop.c of road fatalities, riders of two- or 3-wheelers made up elevenp.c, pedestrians created up elevenp.c, and cyclists created up 2percent; the remaining fourp.c of fatalities were among other types of road users.
Males accounted for 70% of the road fatalities in the United States, whereas females accounted for 30%.
The United States has no national drunk driving law. This power rests with individual states. All 50 states and the District of Columbia have passed legislation making the illegal blood alcohol concentration limit at zero.08 g/dL. However, [*fr1] of different countries set the limit lower at 0.05 g/dL.
The United States has no national seat belt law. As in Australia and Canada, this power rests with the individual states and provinces. Overall, seat belt use in the United States is more than 80percent, however use in every state varies widely from sixty four% to 98%.
The United States has no national bike helmet law; this power additionally rests with the states. Overall, U.S. bike helmet use is fifty eight%; but, this use varies relying on the sort of state law. In states with universal helmet laws (those pertaining to all riders), nearly a hundredpercent of riders use helmets; in states with partial helmet laws (typically regarding only young riders), concerning [*fr1] of riders use helmets.

Resources for Additional Information
World Road Safety PartnershipExternal Web Site Icon*
World Report on Road Traffic Injury Prevention Adobe PDF fileExternal Web Site Icon*
Global Status Report on Road Safety* Adobe PDF fileExternal Web Site Icon
The Community Guide: Systematic Reviews to Stop Motor Vehicle InjuriesExternal Web Site Icon
Commission for International Road Safety, Make Roads Safe: A Decade of Action for Road Safety Adobe PDF fileExternal Web Site Icon*
United Nations Road Safety CollaborationExternal Web Site Icon* and World Day of Remembrance for Road Traffic VictimsExternal Web Site Icon*
World Bank Road Safety FacilityExternal Web Site Icon*
World Health Organization: Violence and Injury PreventionExternal Web Site Icon *
National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health Fleet Safety *
United Nations Road Safety Collaboration “How to” Road Safety Manuals*
Seat belt manualExternal Web Site Icon
Helmet use manualExternal Web Site Icon
Drinking and driving manualExternal Web Site Icon
Speed management manualExternal Web Site Icon