Vessel Sanitation Program October 2002

Since October 2002, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Vessel Sanitation Program (VSP) has been following or investigating a range instances of gastrointestinal illness aboard cruise ships. Outbreaks of gastrointestinal illness still be reported throughout the U.S. and subsequently, we tend to continue to work out an increase in the number of passengers with gastrointestinal illness on some cruises.
Cruise vessels sailing to U.S. Ports are required to notify the CDC of each case of gastrointestinal illness reported to the ships’ medical staff, for each cruise. This report should be filed twenty four hours previous to arrival at a U.S. port, from a far off port. If the number of passengers or crew ill reaches twopercent throughout the cruise, the vessel is required to file a special report. The CDC continues to closely monitor these illness reports a day. An “outbreak” of gastrointestinal illness is outlined as having threepercent or additional of either passengers or crew reported with a gastrointestinal illness.
Cruise vessels currently being closely monitored are:
Carnival Legend (Carnival Cruise Lines) reported a rise in the number of cases of gastrointestinal illness for the cruise completed on November twenty nine, 2003 (eleven/twenty one-29/2003) that sailed out of Port Everglades, Florida.
On Nov. twenty three, VSP workers was contacted by Carnival to report that the ship’s medical employees was observing an uncommon number of passengers with gastrointestinal illness. On November 28, the number of passenger sick exceeded 3p.c and as of 11:seventeen pm on November twenty eight, seventy three of 2378 passengers (3.onepercent) and 4 of 913 crew (zero.4p.c) had reported unwell. Predominant symptoms are vomiting and diarrhea. The clinical presentation is consistent with a viral etiology. Stool specimens are collected for laboratory analysis by the CDC.
CDC and Carnival Cruise Lines have developed and distributed a passenger questionnaire to establish a lot of exactly, the extent of illness, and risk factors that will have been related to the outbreak. The CDC is currently monitoring cleaning and disinfection activities.
Daily reports are being submitted to the Vessel Sanitation Program throughout the following cruise.