Mortality of urban Indians in Canada, 1991-2001

target
Compare mortality patterns among urban Aboriginal adults with urban non-indigenous adults.

methods
Based on the follow-up study on mortality reported in the census of Canada 1991-2001, our study tracked mortality to December 31, 2001 in a sample of 15% of adults consists of 16 300 indigenous people and 2,062,700 urban residents on 4 June 1991. the non-indigenous people indigenous population was defined by ethnic origin (ancestry), officially indigenous status or belonging to an indigenous or First Nations group registered because census 1991 did not collect information on indigenous identity.

results
When compared to non-urban Aboriginal men and women, remaining life expectancy from 25 years of age was lower in 4.7 years and 6.5 years for men and urban, respectively indigenous women. The reasons for mortality rates in urban Aboriginal men and women were particularly high in alcohol related deaths, vehicular accidents and infectious diseases such as HIV / AIDS. For most causes of death, the urban Aboriginal adults had higher rates of mortality than other urban residents. Socioeconomic status played an important role in explaining these disparities.

conclusion
The results of this study will fill an information gap on mortality of urban Indians of Canada.

keywords
Indigenous, First Nations, M├ętis, Inuit, Native Americans, mortality rates adjusted for age, mortality, life expectancy